NIH research has proven that lack of phonemic awareness is the core and causal factor separating normal readers from disabled readers. Phonemic awareness is the ability to hear and identify each sound within a word, as well as the ability to substitute sounds, to delete sounds, and to blend sounds. Ninety-two percent of children who lack phonemic awareness at the beginning of first grade will fail to learn to read—except by memorizing words. Lack of phonemic awareness is the best predictor of children headed for reading difficulty.
The Troop Emergency Preparedness Monthly Theme includes meeting and activity materials.
1-9 American Red Cross - "After a Disaster" Series of Publications - FEMA
1. First Aid Merit Badge - First Aid Kit
2. Natural Disaster Program for Families - "After a Disaster" Series of Publications - American Red Cross - Disaster Safety - NFPA Natural Disasters Link
2b. The chart is in the Emergency Preparedness Worksheet .
2d. Swimming Merit Badge
4. SARBC - Survival: Signalling for Help
8. Emergency Preparedness Kit - NFPA Emergency Preparedness Kits
8a. Here is a sample copy of a Troop Mobilization Plan .
9a. The BSA Safety Checklist you need is in the Emergency Preparedness Worksheet
9b. The graph paper you need is in the Emergency Preparedness Worksheet
9c. A blank accident prevention program is in the Emergency Preparedness Worksheet .
Choosing a strict gluten-free diet when you only require a low FODMAP diet can lead to over-restriction. For example, oats and spelt bread contain gluten but are relatively low in FODMAPs so are suitable to have on a low FODMAP diet in appropriate servings. In addition, gluten is found in products derived from wheat, rye and barley, such as wheat starch, wheat thickeners and barley malt. These are common ingredients in a wide range of commercial products including soy sauce, confectionary, mayonnaise, yoghurts and more. They contain gluten and must be avoided on a gluten free diet for coeliac disease, but they are not high in fructans and are suitable to include in a low FODMAP diet.