Now Marte is gone, just like that, and it’s impossible for him to ever fulfill his end of the deal with the Pirates. Even if Pittsburgh is still in contention when he is reinstated, he will be ineligible for the 2017 postseason, and questions about his legitimacy will hover over him into the future. The Pirates have no way of knowing whether the guy who is supposed to be a cornerstone player has been a long-term user who somehow skated through the PED testing. They don’t know who he’ll be going forward, perhaps without benefit of PEDs, or how much they can count on him.
Transdermal patches (adhesive patches placed on the skin) may also be used to deliver a steady dose through the skin and into the bloodstream. Testosterone-containing creams and gels that are applied daily to the skin are also available, but absorption is inefficient (roughly 10%, varying between individuals) and these treatments tend to be more expensive. Individuals who are especially physically active and/or bathe often may not be good candidates, since the medication can be washed off and may take up to six hours to be fully absorbed. There is also the risk that an intimate partner or child may come in contact with the application site and inadvertently dose himself or herself; children and women are highly sensitive to testosterone and can suffer unintended masculinization and health effects, even from small doses. Injection is the most common method used by individuals administering AAS for non-medical purposes. 
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